Pol Pot was born in as Saloth Sar into a farming family in central Cambodia, which was then part of French Indochina. Inat age 20, he traveled to Paris on a scholarship to study radio electronics but became absorbed in Marxism and neglected his studies. He lost his scholarship and returned to Cambodia in and joined the underground Communist movement. The following year, Cambodia achieved full independence from France and was then ruled by a royal monarchy.
Khmer Rouge soldiers were usually made up of teenage peasants "What is rotten must be removed. Ex-soldiers were killed along with their wives and children.
Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, which eventually included many Khmer Rouge leaders, was killed. The three largest minorities - the Vietnamese, Chinese, and Cham Muslims - were attacked as well as twenty other smaller groups.
Of theChinese living in Cambodia inhalf of them were killed. The Khmer Rouge carried out many atrocities against these minority groups, including forcing Muslims to eat pork and The cambodian genocide those who refused.
The Khmer Rouge saw cities as the heart of capitalism and therefore they had to be eliminated. Khmer Rouge soldiers referred to Phnom Penh as "the great prostitute of the Mekong. Ordinary citizens were moved out of the cities to live and work in the countryside as peasants in order to create the ideal communist society.
For this reason, the Khmer Rouge called the peasants "old people" and considered them as the ideal communists for the new Cambodian state. New people were the quintessence of capitalism and therefore the opponent of communism.
No matter what their profession was - teacher, tailor, civil servant or monk - it was irrelevant. According to the Khmer Rouge, the new people had made the decision to live in the cities, proving their loyalty to capitalism.
Because of this, hundreds of thousands of Cambodians were automatically branded enemies of the new communist state and were killed.
He decided there were enemies amongst him as well as what he perceived to be an emerging pro-Vietnamese faction inside the Cambodian Communist party. Another part of the blame went to the upper class of society, who still lingered from the prior regime.
Consequently, he rid his party of pro-Vietnamese members by sentencing them to death, including some of his oldest colleagues. Pol Pot became more paranoid than ever and was convinced that he was surrounded by enemies as Cambodia began to fall apart.
This increased the number of murders and arrests and transformed the party into a terrifying reign of brutality that went on until the Vietnamese invasion in January The “Darfur Genocide” refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of Darfuri men, women, and children in Western Sudan.
The killings began in , as the first genocide in the 21st century. The Cambodian genocide (Khmer: របបប្រល័យពូជសាសន៍) was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime under the leadership of Pol Pot, killing approximately to 3 million Cambodian people from to Undoubtedly, one of the most interesting novelties in the international criminal law field of the end of s and beginning of the s is the emergence of a “third-generation” of criminal bodies (the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals being the first, and the ICTY, ICTR and ICC being the second generation), which are called, for lack of a better term, internationalized or hybrid criminal bodies.
Cambodian genocide denial is the belief expressed by many Western academics that claims of atrocities by the Khmer Rouge government () in Cambodia were much exaggerated. Many scholars of Cambodia and intellectuals, opposed to the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, denied or minimized the human rights abuses of the Khmer Rouge, characterizing contrary information as "tales .
The history of genocide in Cambodia, with the Khmer Rouge murdering almost 2 million in attempts to weed out insolence and members of the population with subversive knowledge and experience. The Khmer Rouge took control of the Cambodian government in , with the goal of turning the country into a communist agrarian utopia.
In reality, they emptied the cities and evacuated millions of people to labor camps where they were starved and abused.